General

Arduino vs. Raspberry Pi

For comparing Raspberry Pi & Arduino, I intend to break down the explanation into three distinct sections:

  • DIFFERENCES
  • Arduino is a microcontroller motherboard. A microcontroller is a simple computer that can run one program at a time, over and over again. It is very easy to use. The Arduino only provides a subset of the functionality of the Raspberry Pi.
  • Raspberry Pi is a general-purpose computer, usually with a Linux operating system, and the ability to run multiple programs. It is more complicated to use than an Arduino.
  • HARDWARE & SOFTWARE
  • The Arduino runs the Arduino firmware โ€“ a basic bit of core software that allows it to communicate with a computer over USB and gives access to all the features. You generally wouldnโ€™t replace this firmware, but it is possible. Once your code has been loaded, you can just plug it in anywhere and itโ€™ll start working immediately โ€“ you donโ€™t need to reboot, plug in a keyboard, or choose an application to run. It does the one job itโ€™s been programmed to do, does it well, and it does it immediately. The Arduino can be programmed with small applications written in C++, it cannot run a full-scale โ€œoperating systemโ€ and certainly wonโ€™t be replacing your media center anytime soon.
  • The Raspberry Pi on the other hand is a fully functional mini-computer. It requires an operating system and takes a small amount of time to boot up before it is operational. Storage is provided from a micro-SD card, while built-in Ethernet allows for networking (you can get networking on Arduino too, but it requires an add-on โ€œshieldโ€). Raspberry Pi has a Broadcom Arm-v6 CPU; it has memory, and a graphics processor driving the HDMI output. You can plug in a keyboard and monitor, and load up Linux. The Pi is an incredibly powerful platform in a very small package โ€” perfect for embedded systems, or projects requiring more interactivity and processing power.
  • USES
  • An Arduino board is best used for simple repetitive tasks: opening and closing a garage door, reading the outside temperature and reporting it to Twitter, and driving a simple robot.
  • Raspberry Pi is best used when you need a full-fledged computer: driving a more complicated robot, performing multiple tasks, doing intense calculations.
  • CONCLUSION
  • Both of them are equally important as both have different uses. So, itโ€™s better to know both.But there is a problem for using Raspberry Pi, and it is that you will not get a lot of tutorials on it compared to Arduino. So, itโ€™s better that you start with Arduino, make your concepts strong and then move towards Raspberry Pi.
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2 thoughts on “Arduino vs. Raspberry Pi

  1. jawad H says:

    Loved the article. It was wholesome yet specific. Would love to read more about hardware here.

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